The registered capital of a company is the responsibility that a company, as an economic entity, can undertake.
Under the primary popularization, why are most companies called "XX limited company" or "XX limited responsibility company".
The limited responsibilities here refer to the limited responsibilities of the shareholders of the company for the debts of the company, and the amount of responsibilities is the registered capital of the company.
1、 The registered capital does not need to be paid in one time
At present, China implements the subscription system, which corresponds to the paid in system. Before March 1, 2014, when the paid in system was implemented in China, the amount of registered capital should be paid to the company account when the company was registered. But now the subscription system only needs to pay in full within a period of time (detailed in the company's articles of association, generally 10-20 years, the longest 50 years). It does not require one-off payment at the time of registration, which greatly reduces the capital pressure when the company is registered.
2、 Registration cost is not the more you write, the better
In theory, except for those occupations that still carry out the statutory registered capital (such as banking, security, securities, financial leasing, construction, pawnbroking, foreign investment, labor dispatch, etc.), it is possible to set the registered capital at will. However, as entrepreneurs, they should have a more rigorous legal consciousness and advocate the following elements to be considered:
1. How much of the company's registered capital should refer to the requirements of professional qualification
For example, when an Internet company applies for an ICP operation license, the ICP operation license requires the company's registered capital to be more than 1 million; tmall and Jingdong also put forward specifications for the businesses entering the channel: the registered capital is more than 2 million. Other requirements for qualifications / qualifications, such as bidding, can be referred to the professional practice.
2. The higher the registration cost, the greater the risk / responsibility
For example, for a company with a registered capital of 1 million yuan, a holds 70% of the equity, so it needs to invest 700000 yuan. Later, the company operated poorly and owed 10 million foreign debts. Then a only needs his 700000 capital contribution to undertake the responsibilities, and the excess part has nothing to do with him. But if the registered capital of the company is 10 million yuan, and a still holds 70% of the equity, then a has to bear the responsibility of 7 million yuan!
3. A small consideration: stamp duty
At the end of each year, the enterprise should pay stamp duty of 5 / 10000 according to the paid in capital and capital reserve. For example, if a company is a technology company, it will pay a total of $1 million.
For example, in 2016, the registered capital of a company named yulongdi smart catering in Anhui Province was RMB 500 billion (estimated by three Tencent). If the company is paid in, the stamp duty will reach 2.5 billion yuan. So those entrepreneurs who want to pretend to be billionaires should be steady.
Therefore, the larger the registered capital is, the better. Most Internet entrepreneurs take the path of equity financing. The most important thing is the equity ratio, not the registered capital. According to their own actual situation, setting a reasonable registered capital is the most calm choice.
3、 How to confirm that the registered capital has been paid?
After the establishment of the company, it needs to open an enterprise bank account in the bank. Shareholders (or units) can transfer the funds that should be paid out from their own accounts to the company's accounts, and the "contribution funds" should be written in the transfer funds.
Before in the paid in system, the registered capital was required to verify the capital statement. Now, in most cases, there is no need for it. Only some bidding projects or large-scale cooperative partners need the cooperative company to issue capital verification statement in order to confirm that the registered capital of the cooperative company has been paid in. The capital verification statement can be issued by an accounting firm after the actual payment is completed.