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公司注册为什么要等级注册本钱

来自:天士利财务咨询    发布时间:2020-08-27    浏览 :

  公司注册本钱是公司作为一个经济主体,对外宣称的能承当的职责大小。

The registered capital of a company is the responsibility that a company, as an economic entity, can undertake.


首要普及下,大部分的公司为什么都叫“XX有限公司”或“XX有限职责公司”。

Under the primary popularization, why are most companies called "XX limited company" or "XX limited responsibility company".

这里的有限职责,指的便是公司的股东对公司的债款承当有限的职责,而职责的额度便是公司的注册本钱。

The limited responsibilities here refer to the limited responsibilities of the shareholders of the company for the debts of the company, and the amount of responsibilities is the registered capital of the company.


一、注册本钱并不需求一次缴清

1、 The registered capital does not need to be paid in one time

我国目前实施认缴制,认缴制是和实缴制相对应的。2014年3月1号之前,我国实施实缴制的时分,写多少注册本钱,就要在注册公司的时分往公司账上打多少钱。而现在认缴制只要在一段时间内(详细在公司章程里规定,一般为10-20年,最长50年)缴足就能够了,不要求注册时一次性拿出,极大地降低了公司注册时的资金压力。

At present, China implements the subscription system, which corresponds to the paid in system. Before March 1, 2014, when the paid in system was implemented in China, the amount of registered capital should be paid to the company account when the company was registered. But now the subscription system only needs to pay in full within a period of time (detailed in the company's articles of association, generally 10-20 years, the longest 50 years). It does not require one-off payment at the time of registration, which greatly reduces the capital pressure when the company is registered.


二、注册本钱并不是写越多越好

2、 Registration cost is not the more you write, the better

理论上,除了仍旧实施法定注册本钱的职业外(比方银行、稳妥、证券、融资租赁、修建施工、典当、外商出资、劳务差遣等十四类职业),注册本钱随意设定都是能够的。但作为创业者,应当有比较严谨的法律意识,主张考虑以下几点要素:

In theory, except for those occupations that still carry out the statutory registered capital (such as banking, security, securities, financial leasing, construction, pawnbroking, foreign investment, labor dispatch, etc.), it is possible to set the registered capital at will. However, as entrepreneurs, they should have a more rigorous legal consciousness and advocate the following elements to be considered:


1、公司注册本钱写多少,要参考地点职业资质要求

1. How much of the company's registered capital should refer to the requirements of professional qualification

例如,互联网公司申请ICP运营许可证时,ICP运营许可证要求公司注册本钱在100万以上;天猫、京东也对入驻渠道的商家提出了规范:注册本钱为200万以上。其他需求资质/资格的,如招投标等,参照职业通行做法就能够了。

For example, when an Internet company applies for an ICP operation license, the ICP operation license requires the company's registered capital to be more than 1 million; tmall and Jingdong also put forward specifications for the businesses entering the channel: the registered capital is more than 2 million. Other requirements for qualifications / qualifications, such as bidding, can be referred to the professional practice.


2、注册本钱越大,承当的危险/职责就越大

2. The higher the registration cost, the greater the risk / responsibility

举个比方,比方一家注册本钱为100万的公司,A占70%股权,所以需求出资70万。后来公司运营不善,欠了1000万的外债。那么A最多只需用他70万的出资额来承当职责,超出的部分就和他没关系了。但如果这家公司的注册本钱是1000万,A仍旧占70%的股权,那么A就要承当700万的职责!

For example, for a company with a registered capital of 1 million yuan, a holds 70% of the equity, so it needs to invest 700000 yuan. Later, the company operated poorly and owed 10 million foreign debts. Then a only needs his 700000 capital contribution to undertake the responsibilities, and the excess part has nothing to do with him. But if the registered capital of the company is 10 million yuan, and a still holds 70% of the equity, then a has to bear the responsibility of 7 million yuan!


3、一个小的考虑:印花税

3. A small consideration: stamp duty

每年年末,企业要按实收本钱和本钱公积交纳万分之五的印花税。例如一家科技类公司的注册本钱是100万元,如果企业完结实缴,那么,企业的印花税将是500元。

At the end of each year, the enterprise should pay stamp duty of 5 / 10000 according to the paid in capital and capital reserve. For example, if a company is a technology company, it will pay a total of $1 million.

说个极点的比方,2016年,一家名为安徽玉龙地智慧餐饮的公司注册本钱为50,000亿元,(3个腾讯的估值),如完结实缴,印花税将到达25亿元。所以那些想要伪装成亿万富翁的“创业土豪们”要稳重了。

For example, in 2016, the registered capital of a company named yulongdi smart catering in Anhui Province was RMB 500 billion (estimated by three Tencent). If the company is paid in, the stamp duty will reach 2.5 billion yuan. So those entrepreneurs who want to pretend to be billionaires should be steady.

所以,注册本钱并不是越大越好,大部分互联网创业者走的是股权融资的路子,最重要的是股权比例,而不是注册本钱。依据自己的实际情况,设定一个合理的注册本钱,才是最沉着的挑选。

Therefore, the larger the registered capital is, the better. Most Internet entrepreneurs take the path of equity financing. The most important thing is the equity ratio, not the registered capital. According to their own actual situation, setting a reasonable registered capital is the most calm choice.


三、注册本钱怎么确认已交纳?

3、 How to confirm that the registered capital has been paid?

公司建立后,需求在银行开设一个企业银行账户。股东个人(或单位)从自己账户向公司账户转入应出的资金即可,转账资金用途里要写上“出资款”即可。

After the establishment of the company, it needs to open an enterprise bank account in the bank. Shareholders (or units) can transfer the funds that should be paid out from their own accounts to the company's accounts, and the "contribution funds" should be written in the transfer funds.

之前在实缴制的时分,注册本钱是需求验资陈述的。现在多数情况下已经不需求了,只有一些招投标项目或者比较大型的协作伙伴,为了确认协作公司的注册本钱已经实缴,需求协作公司出具验资陈述。验资陈述能够在实缴完结后,找会计师事务所来出具即可。

Before in the paid in system, the registered capital was required to verify the capital statement. Now, in most cases, there is no need for it. Only some bidding projects or large-scale cooperative partners need the cooperative company to issue capital verification statement in order to confirm that the registered capital of the cooperative company has been paid in. The capital verification statement can be issued by an accounting firm after the actual payment is completed.
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